Professor Cynthia Pine, BDS, MBA (Distinction), PhD, FDSRCS (Eng), CBE, FCGI
Professor of Dental Public Health; Academic Lead for Dental Public Health at the Institute of Dentistry
Tel: 44(0)207 882 8636
Professor of Dental Public Health, Institute of Dentistry, School of Medicine and Dentistry
Academic Lead for Dental Public Health at the Institute of Dentistry
Honorary Consultant in Dental Public Health, Barts Health NHS Trust
Honorary Academic Consultant in Dental Public Health, Public Health England
Consultant in Dental Public Health, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust
Chair of the North West Committee of the NIHR Research for Patient Benefit Committee
Recent Previous Appointments
2010 – 2012 Pro Vice Chancellor (International) University of Salford
2008 – 2012 Dean of Health & Social Care, University of Salford
2003 - 2008 Dean of Dentistry, University of Liverpool
2003 – 2013 Director of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Research in Oral Health of Deprived Communities
Professor Pine has undertaken and supported national and international developments and collaborations in dental research through her own research and through elected office as: the first woman President of the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry (BASCD); as Secretary General and Co-President of the European Organisation of Caries Research (ORCA); as Founding President of the European Association of Dental Public Health (EADPH) and through the International Association of Dental Research (IADR) as President of the Cariology Group. She was appointed Dean of Dentistry at the University of Liverpool in 2003, the first woman ever to be appointed to head a Dental School in the UK. Her contribution to research, science and education has been recognised by several bodies including: the American Association of Public Health Dentistry: Special Merit Award for Outstanding Achievement in Community Dentistry – Internationalin 2005; by theGovernment of Guyana, her country of birth, in 2006, when she was named as Outstanding Guyanese of the Year; by the Queen when she was appointed CBE in 2006; by inclusion in the Powerlist of the UK’s 100 most influential people of African and Afro-Caribbean descent. Most recently, she has been appointed to Fellowship of the City and Guilds of London Institute in March, 2014.
Specialist Training in Dental Public Health
Professor Pine is on the GDC Specialist List in Dental Public Health and was first appointed Consultant in 1993. She has been involved in training and specialist public health duties since then as both an Honorary Consultant in Dental Public Health and as a substantive Consultant within the NHS, and latterly as Honorary Academic Consultant to Public Health England. Currently, she is the Lead Academic Trainer for the NIHR Speciality Registrar in Dental Public Health established at the Institute of Dentistry with the London Deanery.
Research Administrator: Teresa Parker
Professor Pine’s research focus is on the prevention of childhood dental caries, taking a population community approach aligned with enhancing parental self-efficacy for dental health related behaviours. Her research is multi-disciplinary with partners in health and clinical psychology, biostatistics, health economics, linguistics and school education. She has considerable expertise in community clinical trials of caries prevention for children. Professor Pine has been invited to present her research in many countries and universities including at Harvard in the USA, the Karolinska in Sweden and the World Health Organisation in Geneva.
Randomised controlled trials
Professor Pine has active research grants of over £1,000,000 and is the Principal Investigator of three current clinical trials (as at June 2014); two as an NIHR Investigator: Bright Smiles Baby (NIHR: PB-PG-0808-17228); Dental RECUR (NIHR: PB-PG-0610-22310); and, the third as Principal Investigator of the BBaRTS randomised controlled trial: Bedtime Brush and Read Together to Sleep which is funded by an educational grant from GlaxoSmithKline.
- null (2013) Primary school-based behavioural interventions for preventing caries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. vol.5 Article CD009378
- null (2011) Randomised controlled trial of the efficacy of a high-fluoride gel self-applied by toothbrushing in children at high caries risk. Caries Research. vol.45 (5) pp.475-485
- null (2008) Modelling the bilateral symmetry of caries incidence. Caries Research. vol.42 (4) pp.291-296
Over 100 peer reviewed publications; early papers published as Mitropoulos;
Selected publications from years 2000-2013 given below:
Statistical Power of Multilevel Modelling in Dental Caries Clinical Trials: A Simulation Study. Burnside G, Pine CM, Williamson PR. Caries Res. 2013 Nov 6;48 (1):13-18.
Primary school-based behavioural interventions for preventing caries Cochrane Review: Cooper A M, O'Malley L A, Elison S N, Armstrong R, Burnside G, Adair P, Dugdill L, Pine C.M. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013.
Analysis of health behaviour change interventions for preventing dental caries deliverd in primary schools. Adair P.M., Burnside G. Pine C.M. Caries Research Spec Caries Res. 2013;47 Suppl 1:2-12.
Family Relationships as an Explanatory Variable in Childhood Dental Caries: A Systematic Review of Measures. Duijster D, O’Malley L, Elison S, Van Loveren C, Marcenes W, Adair P.M., Pine C.M. Caries Research Spec Caries Res. 2013;47 Suppl 1:22-39.
Primary school-based behavioural interventions for preventing caries Cochrane Protocol: Review number: 0246: Cooper A M, O'Malley L A, Elison S N, Armstrong R, Burnside G, Adair P, Dugdill L, Pine C.M. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011 , Issue 10: Art. No.: CD009378. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009378.
Randomised Controlled Trial of the efficacy of a high fluoride-containing gel self-applied by toothbrushing in children at high caries risk. Stokes E, Ashcroft A, Burnside G, Mohindra T, Pine CM. Caries Res. 2011;45(5):475-85.
Evaluation of international case studies within ‘Live.Learn.Laugh.’: a unique global public-private partnership to promote oral health L. Dugdill and C. M. Pine International Dental Journal 2011; 61 (Suppl. 2): 22–29.
Analysis of a unique global public-private partnership to promote oral health C. M. Pine and L. Dugdill International Dental Journal 2011; 61 (Suppl. 2): 11–21.
The caries experience of 5 year-old children in Scotland, Wales and England in 2007-2008 and the impact of consent arrangements. Reports of co-ordinated surveys using BASCD criteria. Davies GM, Jones CM, Monaghan N, Morgan MZ, Pine CM, Pitts NB, Neville JS, Rooney E. Community Dent Health. 2011:28(1):5-11.
Proceedings: 9th World Congress on Preventive Dentistry (WCPD): "Community Participation and Global Alliances for Lifelong Oral Health for All," Phuket, Thailand, September 7-10, 2009. Clarkson J, Watt RG, Rugg-Gunn AJ, Pitiphat W, Ettinger RL, Horowitz AM, Petersen PE, ten Cate JM, Vianna R, Ferrillo P, Gugushe TS, Siriphant P, Pine C, Buzalaf MA, Pessan JP, Levy S, Chankanka O, Maki Y, Postma TC, Villena RS, Wang WJ, MacEntee MI, Shinsho F, Cal E, Rudd RE, Schou L, Shin SC, Fox CH. Adv Dent Res 2010 Jun;22(1):2-30.
Prevalence and risk indicators of erosion in thirteen- to fourteen-year-olds on the Isle of Man. Bardolia P, Burnside G, Ashcroft A, Milosevic A, Goodfellow SA, Rolfe EA, Pine CM. Caries Res 2010; 44(2):165-8.
Barriers for dental treatment of primary teeth in East and West Germany. Splieth CH, Bunger B, Pine C. Int Paediatr Dent 2009: Mar; 19 (2):84-90
The promotion of oral health within the Healthy School context in England: a qualitative research study. Stokes E, Pine CM, Harris RV. BMC Oral Health 2009: Jan 15:9:3
Modelling the Bilateral Symmetry of Caries Incidence G. Burnside, C.M. Pine, P.R. Williamson. Caries Res 2008;42:291-296.
Designing school programmes to be effective vehicles for changing oral hygiene behaviour. Pine CM International Dental Journal 2007:57:377-381.
Dental Health 4 years after the end of a Randomised Controlled Trial. Pine CM Curnow MM,Burnside G, Nicholson JA, Roberts A. Caries Res 2007;41(6):431-6.
The application of multilevel modelling to dental caries data. Burnside G; Pine CM; Williamson P R. Stat Med. 26:4139-49 2007.
The dental caries experience of 5-year-old children in Great Britain (2005/6). Surveys co-ordinated by the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry. Pitts NB, Boyles J, Nugent ZJ, Thomas N, Pine CM. Community Dental Health 2007: 24:59-63.
Dental anxiety, distress at induction and postoperative morbidity in children undergoing tooth extraction using general anaesthesia. Hosey MT, Macpherson LM, Adair P, Tochel C, Burnside G, Pine CM. British Dental Journal 2006:200:39-43.
Statistical aspects of design and analysis of clinical trials for the prevention of caries. Burnside G; Pine CM; Williamson P R. Caries Res 2006;40(5):360-5.
An investigation of the relationship between untreated decayed teeth and dental sepsis in 5-year-old children. Pine CM, Harris RV, Burnside G, Merrett M CW. Br Dent J. 2006 Jan 14; 2006(1):45-7.
Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Kwan SY, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Sep;83(9):677-85.
Factors influencing referral of children for dental extractions under general and local anaesthesia. Macpherson LM, Pine CM, Tochel C, Burnside G, Hosey MT, Adair P. Community Dent Health. 2005 Dec;22(4):282-8.
The dental caries experience of 14-year-old children in England and Wales. Surveys co-ordinated by the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry in 2002/2003.Pitts NB, Boyles J, Nugent ZJ, Thomas N, Pine C.M. Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1):45-57.
Assessment of children prior to dental extractions under general anaesthesia in Scotland. Tochel C, Hosey MT, Macpherson L, Pine C. Br Dent J. 2004 May 22;196(10):629-33
Risk factors for dental caries in young children: a systematic review of the literature; Harris R, Nicoll AD, Adair PM, Pine CM. Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1 Suppl):71-8561 The dental caries experience of 14-year-old children in England and Wales. Surveys co-ordinated by the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry in 2002/2003. Pitts NB, Boyles J, Nugent ZJ, Thomas N, Pine CM. Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1):45-57.
Developing explanatory models of health inequalities in childhood dental caries; Pine CM, Adair PM, Petersen PE, Douglass C, Burnside G, Nicoll AD, Gillett A, Anderson R, Beighton D, Jin-You B, Broukal Z, Brown JP, Chestnutt IG, Declerck D, Devine D, Espelid I, Falcolini G, Ping FX, Freeman R, Gibbons D, Gugushe T, Harris R, Kirkham J, Lo EC, Marsh P, Maupome G, Naidoo S, Ramos-Gomez F, Sutton BK, Williams S. Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1 Suppl):86-95.
A multi-country comparison of caries-associated microflora in demographically diverse children; Beighton D, Brailsford S, Samaranayake LP, Brown JP, Ping FX, Grant-Mills D, Harris R, Lo EC, Naidoo S, Ramos-Gomez F, Soo TC, Burnside G, Pine CM. Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1 Suppl):96-101.
Familial and cultural perceptions and beliefs of oral hygiene and dietary practices among ethnically and socio-economical diverse groups; Adair PM, Pine CM, Burnside G, Nicoll AD, Gillett A, Anwar S, Broukal Z, Chestnutt IG, Declerck D, Ping FX, Ferro R, Freeman R, Grant-Mills D, Gugushe T, Hunsrisakhun J, Irigoyen-Camacho M, Lo EC, Moola MH, Naidoo S, Nyandindi U, Poulsen VJ, Ramos-Gomez F, Razanamihaja N, Shahid S, Skeie MS, Skur OP, Splieth C, Soo TC, Whelton H, Young DW. Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1 Suppl):102-11.
Barriers to the treatment of childhood caries perceived by dentists working in different countries; Pine CM, Adair PM, Burnside G, Nicoll AD, Gillett A, Borges-Yanez SA, Broukal Z, Brown J, Declerck D, Ping FX, Gugushe T, Hunsrisakhun J, Lo EC, Naidoo S, Nyandindi U, Poulsen VJ, Razanamihaja N, Splieth C, Sutton BK, Soo TC, Whelton H. Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1 Suppl):112-20
International comparisons of health inequalities in childhood dental caries; Pine CM, Adair PM, Nicoll AD, Burnside G, Petersen PE, Beighton D, Gillett A, Anderson R, Anwar S, Brailsford S, Broukal Z, Chestnutt IG, Declerck D, Ping FX, Ferro R, Freeman R, Gugushe T, Harris R, Lin B, Lo EC, Maupome G, Moola MH, Naidoo S, Ramos-Gomez F, Samaranayake LP, Shahid S, Skeie MS, Splieth C, Sutton BK, Soo TC, Whelton H: Community Dent Health. 2004 Mar;21(1 Suppl):121-30.
Inequalities in dental health in the north-west of England; Pine C, Burnside G, Craven R. Community Dent Health. 2003 Mar;20(1):55-6.
The assessment of an intra-oral video camera as an aid to occlusal caries detection; Forgie AH, Pine CM, Pitts NB. Int Dent J. 2003 Feb;53(1):3-6.
Dental erosion -- changing prevalence? A review of British National childrens' surveys; Nunn JH, Gordon PH, Morris AJ, Pine CM, Walker A. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2003 Mar;13(2):98-105.
A randomised controlled trial of the efficacy of supervised toothbrushing in high-caries-risk children; Curnow MM, Pine CM, Burnside G, Nicholson JA, Chesters RK, Huntington E. Caries Res. 2002 Jul-Aug;36(4):294-300. (corresponding author)
Is there a relationship between food intakes of Scottish 5½ to 8½ years olds and their mothers? Longbottom PJ, Wrieden WL and Pine CM. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2002 Aug;15(4):271-9.
The use of magnification in a preventive approach to caries detection; Forgie AH, Pine CM, Pitts NB Quintessence Int. 2002 Jan;33(1):13-6.
Dental attitudes and behaviours in 1998 and implications for the future; Bradnock G, White DA, Nuttall NM, Morris AJ, Treasure ET, Pine CM. Br Dent J. 2001 Mar 10;190(5):228-32.
Restoration removal with and without the aid of magnification. Forgie AH, Pine CM, Pitts NB. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation , 2001; 28 (4): 309-13.
Visual standards in a sample of dentists working within Scotland. Forgie AH, Gearie T, Pine CM, Pitts N B. Primary Dental Care July 2001; 123-127
Modified IOTN: an orthodontic treatment need index for use in oral health surveys. Burden DJ, Pine C M and Burnside G. Community Dentistry Oral Epidemiol 2001; 29: 220-225.
Dental disease in the UK in 1998 and implications for the future. Nunn J, Morris A J, Pine C M, Pitts N B, Bradnock G and Steele JG. Br Dent J. 2000 Dec 23;189(12):639-44.
An intervention programme to establish regular toothbrushing: understanding parents’ beliefs and motivating children. Pine CM, Curnow MC, McGoldrick P, Burnside G, Nicholson J. Int Dent J. 2000;50:312-323.
Dental attitudes and behaviours in 1998 and implications for the future. Bradnock G., White D, Nuttall NM, Morris A J, Treasure E and Pine C M. Brit Dent J. 2000;190: 228-232.
The impact of oral health on people in the UK in 1998. Nuttall NM, Steele JG, Pine C M, White D and Pitts N B. Brit Dent J. 2001;190:121-126.
Dental restorations in adults in the UK in 1998 and implication for the future. Pine C M, Pitts N B, Steele JG, Nunn JN and Treasure E. Brit Dent J 2001;190:4-8.
The condition of teeth in the UK in 1998 and implications for the future: Nunn J, Morris J, Pine CM, Pitts NB, Bradnock G, Steele J. Brit Dent J. 2000;189:639-644.
Randomised controlled clinical trial of the caries efficacy of a chlorhexidine varnish on high caries risk adolescents: Forgie A H, Paterson M, Pine C M, Pitts N B, Nugent Z. Caries Research. 2000;34:432-439. (corresponding author)